Archive for the ‘American’ Category

U.S. Coast Guard’s Need for New Cutters

September 27, 2017

That the Coast Guard has an aging fleet is not to be denied; a unique needs cutter built in 1944 was taken out of service in 2011. A history of the procurement of cutters, funding, and Congressional options are all explained in this recent CRS report – Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress. And this at a time when the Coast Guard, for the second year in a row, has interdicted a record amount of cocaine.

 

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What Are the Causes for the Recent U.S. Navy Collisions?

August 30, 2017

Maybe this article from the Navy Times has the answer – Maybe today’s Navy is just not good at driving ships. This is further supported by a series of three articles published in Proceedings Today: Collisions: Part I – What Are the Root Causes?; Collisions: Part II – Operational Pause; and Collisions: Part III – Maintenance.

Required reading is the oft-cited 2010 Report of the Fleet Review Panel on Surface Force Readiness as chaired by retired Vice Admiral Philip Balisle.

Another important document is this 2010 GAO report – Navy Needs to Reassess Its Metrics and Assumptions for Ship Crewing Requirements and Training as is this 2017 report – Navy Readiness: Actions Needed to Maintain Viable Surge Sealift and Combat Logistics Fleets. Other GAO investigations on the Navy can be found here.

Numerous Congressional hearings on fleet readiness are also available online.

One should peruse this 2017 CRS report – Defining Readiness: Background and Issues for Congress.

Histories of the U.S. Marine Corps

August 30, 2017

This site contains numerous online publications ranging from general histories to unit histories to bibliographies, and finding aids. Whole sections are devoted to either individual conflicts or time periods. The occasional primary source, such as journals, do make an appearance.

“[U.S.] Marines in the Frigate Navy”

August 23, 2017

This series of fourteen 4-color prints show the life of the Marine Corps from 1798 to 1835. Each poster comes with a page explaining the historical significance of the event. Compare this to The Marines in the Revolution: A Pictorial History.

U.S. Naval Strategies in the Late 1900s

August 16, 2017

Here are some relevant documents from the Newport Papers series:  U.S. Naval Strategy in the 1970s: Selected Documents; U.S. Naval Strategy in the 1980s: Selected Documents; and U.S. Naval Strategy in the 1990s: Selected Documents.

USS Constitution Refloated in Boston Harbor

July 24, 2017

After two years of re-furbishment, the USS Constitution is once again afloat. Various videos are available. Primary sources on this, the world’s oldest commissioned warship, can be found in The Naval War of 1812: A Documentary History (3 vols., 1985-2002) and Naval Documents related to the United States Wars with the Barbary Powers (6 vols., 1939-44).

 

 

CRS Reports of Naval Interest

May 31, 2017

The Congressional Research Service (CRS) is essentially a think tank located within the Library of Congress that generates reports for Congresspeople and their staff. (More info here.) Since the interests of Congress are wide-ranging, CRS produces a veritable blizzard of reports on a plethora of subjects. One area of interest for Congress is naval affairs. Here is a listing of recent “products”: Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Frigate Program: Background and Issues for Congress; Navy Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) Program: Background and Issues for Congress; Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for Congress; Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress; Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress; Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress; and Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs: Background and Issues for Congress.

New York’s Fleet Week Starts Today

May 24, 2017

For those in the area, please visit here for additional information. I’ve been going for over two decades; I’ll be there again this year as well.

Holiday Menus From USN Ships

March 20, 2017

There are various sites that offer menus from hotels and the like; this site offers holiday menus from USN ships. Peruse menus from 1905 through the 1950s. As the introduction to this feature states: “Holiday dinners are important memories and experiences for past and present Sailors, with many remembering these special times away from home and with their fellow shipmates. Even in wartime, traditional holiday dinners, like Thanksgiving and Christmas, are served to our nation’s Sailors deployed off foreign shores or in combat theaters. “

Online Primary Sources: The United States Navy in World War 1

March 17, 2017

These documents range from personal narratives to official compilations of naval laws and resolutions. It is by no means complete, but the list does offer good examples of the literature associated with the maritime aspects of the Great War.

Our navy at war (1916); United States submarine chasers in the Mediterranean, Adriatic and the attack on Durazzo (1920); The war with Germany; a statistical summary (1919, although this work is from the American perspective, beginning on page 137 are “international comparisons”); Beatty, Jellicoe, Sims and Rodman; Yankee Gobs and British Tars as seen by an “Anglomanic,” (1919); The victory at sea (1920, written by the commander of American naval forces in Europe); Being the “Log” of the U.S.S. Maui in the World War (1919?, written by some of the crew of this troopship); 70,000 miles on a submarine destroyer; or, The Reid boat in the world war (1919, written by a crew member); The cruise of the U. S. S. Sacramento  (1919, written by crew members); History of the U.S.S. Leviathan, Cruiser and Transport Forces, United States Atlantic Fleet (1919?, the ship’s “History Committee”); A history of the transport service; adventures and experiences of United States transports and cruisers in the World War (1921, by the admiral in charge of transport operations); German submarine activities on the Atlantic coast of the United States and Canada (1920, official US SecNav report); Queenstown Patrol, 1917: A Diary… (1996); Account of the Operations of the American Navy in France During the War With Germany (1920, by the commander of naval forces in France); Digest Catalogue of Laws and Joint Resolutions: The Navy and the World War 1920); Lieutenant Picking’s Diary, May – June 1918 While Observing English and French Submarine Operations in the War Zone ; and World War I British and German Naval Messages (1920, deals with the armistice).

Some unique secondary sources: US Naval Forces in Northern Russia (Archangel and Murmansk), 1918-1919 (1943); US Naval Detachment in Turkish Waters, 1919-1924 (1943); US Naval Port Officers in the Bordeaux Region, 1917-1919 (1943);  American Naval Mission in the Adriatic, 1918-1921 (1943); and American Naval Participation in the Great War With Special Reference to the European Theater of Operations (1928, written by the pre-eminent naval historian Dudley Knox).