We will not re-hash this event. We’ll leave that to the BBC and the Greenwich Museum. This will be a list in the making; it will grow over time. And I will limit my sources to English-language material or material translated into English. State Papers Relating to the Defeat of the Spanish Armada, volume 1 and volume 2 contains hundreds of documents from the domestic state papers series; all material is in English whether English was the original language or the sources were translated into English. Volume 1 of Tudor and Stuart Proclamations, 1485-1714 contains Elizabeth’s pronouncements with regards to the armada; the bulk are found between July 1588 and January 1589. In Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 8, 1581-1591 are found many relevant documents from Venetian ambassadors to France, the Low Countries et al, but none from England as Venice had no ambassador to England. Read the lively preface for additional information on the selection method. Calendar of State Papers, Spain (Simancas), Volume 4, 1587-1603 is a repository of letters/despatches from Spanish ambassadors. while the Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth provides additional source material. Several relevant pieces of correspondence can be found in Letters of Queen Elizabeth and King James VI of Scotland. Volume 3 of the Calendar of the Manuscripts of the Most Honourable Marquis of Salisbury contains mentions of the armada; document 707b lists the names of the English ships that sailed against the Spanish fleet.((Hint: When searching any of these contemporary sources, use other terms as well, such as fleet, Spanish, armado(yes, I saw at least one example of this), ship, ships as many of the sources do not specify armada but use these other words or combinations of them.))
Sir Francis Drake’s memorable service done against the Spaniards in 1587 (first printed, 1863); State papers relating to the defeat of the Spanish Armada, anno 1588 (2 vols., 1894); The names of the nobility, gentry, and others who contributed to the defence of this country at the time of the Spanish invasion, in 1588. With a brief account of their spirited and patriotic conduct on that occasion (1588); The manuscripts of the Right Honourable . J. Savile Foljambe, of Osberton (1897); The Acts of the Privy Council of England; Papers relating to the Navy during the Spanish War, 1585-1587 (1898); News and rumor in Renaissance Europe; the Fugger newsletters (1959); Miscellaneous state papers from 1501 to 1726 (vol.1, 1778); and the Harleian miscellany (12 vols., 1808-11).
A survivor of the Armada relates his story here – Captain Cuellar’s Adventures in Connacht and Ulster (1897).