Today marks the end of the American Civil War; however, lags in communication and the attendant breakdown of communications infrastructure greatly delayed the relaying of this event. While Confederate land forces surrendered by the end of the summer of 1865, the Shenandoah did so toward the end of the year. The CSS Shenandoah surrendered in Liverpool, England on November 6, 1865 ((“The Cruise of the Shenandoah,” Southern Historical Society Papers, 35(1900): 235-258; Hunt’s The Shenandoah; or, The last Confederate cruiser (1910); articles from The Liverpool Mercury, November 1865)). This was the last Confederate surrender.
Other relevant reads include: The Diplomats Who Sank a Fleet: The Confederacy’s Undelivered European Fleet and the Union Consular Service; Civil War at Sea; Confederate Ships Afloat (from DANFS); Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies, 30 vols.; Officers in the Confederate States navy, 1861-65 [A register]; History of the Confederate States navy from its organization to the surrender of its last vessel (1887); The secret service of the Confederate States in Europe, or, How the Confederate cruisers were equipped 2 vols., (1884, by James Bulloch, the Confederacy’s chief foreign agent in Great Britain); and Recollections of a Rebel Reefer (1917).